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ROYER: Canada stands alone with equalization scheme

No other country in the world has a program that transfers wealth from the outlying regions to the industrial and political heartland like Canada.




Alberta’s referendum asks the rest of Canada to consider the equalization program. One response is to consider what other countries do.

Canada’s equalization program transfers economic wealth from certain provinces — recently Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland — to the remaining provinces. In the program’s history Ontario has both contributed and received transfers. The program has become a real transfer of wealth between sub-sovereign independent economies. Since 2010 the total transfers from the contributing provinces have amounted to $211 billion, of which $141 billion went to central Canada.  

No other country in the world has a program that transfers wealth from the outlying regions to the industrial and political heartland like Canada. With Newfoundland being called upon to support Quebec and Ontario it’s comparable to Mississippi making transfers to California and New York to support their lifestyle.

Consider the United States. America— relative to Canada — is a single unified economy rigorously enforced by the federal government and the courts. Its federal government spends money throughout the country, but no concept of direct equalization transfers between states exists. In Canada, the courts and the governments at both levels rigorously support inter-provincial trade barriers, thereby creating independent economies in each province.

In Australia, the industrialized states make minor transfers to the impoverished states. In Germany, states with ports or other national infrastructure receive support for the associated cost.

All these countries are federations in which sub-sovereign states or provinces have independent powers.

The other kind of state in the world is the ‘unitary state.’ Countries like Britain, France and Japan have no provinces or states with separate rights, although Britain is slowly devolving power to Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. They are single economic units, with internal free trade. Government spending supports the entire nation. However, unitary states tend to centralize economic activity in their major cities reflecting political power, resulting in the concentration of economic activity and population. The cities of London, Paris and Tokyo are their nations’ richest and most populous cities and constitute 21.3%, 19% and 29% of their countries’ total populations respectively.

Federations are the opposite. They typically have regional representation in their federal governments. Economic activity follows political power and is more evenly spread across the country making populations less concentrated. New York and Berlin represent only 6% and 4.3% of their federation’s respective populations.

Canada is a federation, but the central government acts largely like a unitary state with no systemic representation from the outlying regions thereby concentrating power and population. The Toronto area (Hamilton to Oshawa) represents 22% of Canada’s population. Adding Montreal catapults the calculation to 30%. This reflects Canada’s semi-unitary state structure.

As 67% of transfers in the last decade went to Ontario and Quebec, equalization exacerbate Canada’s population concentration. Artificial wealth transfers increase those economies and their populations.

Canada is an outlier among comparable nations. Other federal nations have regional representation in the national government; that is, a legitimate upper legislative house, or senate. Canada has population concentration similar to unitary states. No other federation divides itself into small, inefficient regional economies. And no one directly transfers wealth from the outlying areas to support the economic and political heartland like Canada.

It isn’t all good for Toronto either. Population density puts pressure on infrastructure, drives up housing prices and clogs the roads. Sprawling urbanization and new highways gobble up productive farm land. Immigration, Citizenship and Refugee Canada reports that 248,000 new immigrants will annually add to this already congested urban landscape. This policy of concentration continues despite Canada having the planet’s second largest landmass.

No modern industrialized democracy has a system comparable to Canada’s. A similar structure used commonly in the 19th century included wealth transfer from outlying economies to the political centre without means of political input from those areas. That system was called colonialism. Alberta is asking Canada to become a modern, democratic nation.  

Randy Royer is a Western Standard columnist

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  1. Left Coast

    November 17, 2021 at 10:19 am

    Canada is well on it’s way to 3rd World Status today . . .

    Ain’t going to be pretty, sadly a substantial % of the citizens are OK with this.

  2. AM

    November 16, 2021 at 8:44 am

    I truely believe Canada needs to fail before it can rebuild its self, if that is even possible.

  3. William

    November 15, 2021 at 10:49 pm

    The reason they keep taking our money is because we’re stupid enough to keep giving it to them.

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SLOBODIAN: CBC won’t win any Pulitzers with its Freedom Convoy coverage

“Perhaps Trudeau should rethink the isolation decision and man up to face the massive convoy he called a “fringe minority” with “unacceptable views” that do not represent Canadians.”




Canada’s on the brink of the main attraction of the biggest event that has rocked this nation in a long time.

The Freedom Convoy has inched so close to the capital, one can almost smell the aromatic diesel wafting into the hallowed halls of Parliament.

The truckers are protesting draconian vaccine mandates that stop them and Canadians of all walks of life from earning a living and simply living free.

The convoy’s expected to converge on Ottawa Sunday. 

History is about to be made in a spectacular way.

Naturally, the CBC — the nation’s woke public broadcaster that inhales $1.5 billion taxpayer dollars, a good chunk of that from the truckers whose intentions it has grossly misrepresented — is on top of the news.

The CBC combed through 82,500 (now at 88,000-plus) donations to the convoy’s GoFundMe standing at $7 million raised, to deliver a shocking expose in a story headlined: Large number of donations to protest convoy came from aliases, unnamed sources.

Your tax dollars at work. 

A legion of CBC employees must have been assigned to research that hard-hitting piece of journalism one could interpret as another feeble attempt to discredit the integrity of convoy, the fund, and countless supporting patriotic Canadians.

“At least a third of the donations to the GoFundMe campaign set up to support the convoy of trucks headed to Ottawa to protest vaccine mandate came from anonymous sources or were attributed to fake names, according to an analysis by CBC News.

“While thousands of Canadians and Canadian businesses have dipped into their pockets to fund the cause, thousands of other donors to the campaign are listed simply as ‘Anonymous.’” 

Uh-huh. And?

Someone should tell CBC that’s par for the course. Many who donate all fund-raisers do so anonymously because they don’t want someone like, say, CBC reporters poking their noses into their benevolent business.

The reporter revealed that donations made used the names of other people, including Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, his wife Sophie, Fidel Castro, Theresa Tam, Canada’s chief public health officer, and naughty words used as names.

The investigative arm of the CBC swiftly moved to action and contacted Tam’s office, the Prime Minister’s Office, and other donors listed for confirmation on whether they made the contributions. 

Seriously, does the CBC think Trudeau is a generous closet patriot?

The CBC supposedly unbiased reporter also wanted to know “what, if anything” GoFundMe plans to do about the “violation of its terms and service” regarding “the Freedom Convoy’s page using invented names or the names of other people.”

As for using no names at all, the CBC, that bastion of openness and accountability would never use anonymous sources. Oh wait, it does that all the time. 

That’s acceptable media and CBC policy, but people who donated $5 or $10,000 to the truckers must be outed, denigrated, hauled into the public square, and perhaps even flogged, because surely, they are supporting something really, very sinister.

Meanwhile, a most unfortunate turn of events will prevent Trudeau from meeting with throngs of Canadians from all corners of the land.

You can imagine how disappointed he’ll be to have to miss a magnificent opportunity to finally, for once, shine like a strong leader of this great nation. 

Apparently, Trudeau came in contact with a phantom someone somewhere who tested positive for COVID-19, so must isolate for five days. 

Darn. What wretched luck. 

What are the odds?

There’s not been even one report of COVID-19 exposure among the tens of thousands of truckers and supporters that have mingled and been in close contact for the past several days.

Nope, no details on who the COVID-19 infected someone is who put Trudeau in jeopardy, or on how they are doing. 

Our condolences to the double-vaxxed Trudeau who also got a booster shot.

Canadians need to know — where do we send cards and notes of support to our beloved prime minister? A vacation spot like Tofino or Costa Rica?

His home silly. 

“I feel fine and will be working from home,” Trudeau tweeted.

But health authorities have been telling Canadians that if they’re asymptomatic, there’s no need to stay home and isolate.

Perhaps Trudeau should rethink the isolation decision and man up to face the massive convoy he called a “fringe minority” with “unacceptable views” that do not represent Canadians. 

Speaking of home, the usual suspects who can’t resist stirring up trouble at environment, and all other protests, will be crawling out of mom’s basement or their lairs in the woods, to inject themselves into the planned peaceful protest.

They’re gonna have to clean up if they want to pose as truckers and wear something other than the usual black attire and hoods and masks that hide their identity.

Some will be easy to spot. They’ll be the ones with small animals nesting in their hair. 

They’ll have crazy eyes and vocabulary naughty enough to make the truckers blush.

They’ll be the pansies who torment people in other peaceful protests. 

Our truckers, who are heroically fighting for Canadians, will crush them with the tips of their thumbs if they get out of line and try to make the convoy and Canadians behind them look bad.

But count on it, these losers will try. 

And the likes of CBC will breathlessly give them credibility — but won’t bother to find out their names.

Slobodian is the Senior Manitoba Columnist for the Western Standard

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MORGAN: The establishment has lost control

“Alternative media is giving the public a means to bypass the establishment media and citizens are flocking to it.”




In 1999, the Alberta Independence Party (AIP) was founded by myself and a handful of others. We had a shell of a website, a few bucks, and a lot of ambition. With months of work and promotional effort, we amassed a couple of hundred members but were generally unheard of. There was just no way for a modest movement like ours to get into the public eye.

That changed when our website caught the eye of a journalist with the National Post who wrote a column about us. Suddenly things snowballed and I spent weeks doing interviews with media outlets across the country. Our membership quickly swelled into the thousands and the donations began rolling in as Albertans discovered us.

The vast majority of the press about us was negative. I recall one column with the Globe and Mail that began with “Cory the Kid and his pipsqueak party” before it started to get negative. I did a CBC appearance in the Calgary studio where they sat me on a tiny, uncomfortable stool and had a panel in Toronto spend half an hour explaining why I was an idiot and an extremist. I felt outright pummelled when I finished that one.

I took that abuse and absorbed that negative press back then because it worked for us and there was no other way to reach the public. We would see a surge in memberships and donors after every appearance in the mainstream media because viewers saw through the bias.

It quickly became apparent that there had been a massive appetite for an independence-minded party in Alberta at that time, but until the mainstream media took notice of it, we just couldn’t tap into that base. There was no way to bypass the establishment media and they were the gatekeepers of information to the public at large.

That has all changed.

Just look at the explosive growth of the Truckers for Freedom convoy. Despite being initially ignored by the media and later eviscerated by it, the movement has raised over $7 million from almost 100,000 people in a short two weeks. Having a grassroots movement grow like that in such short order would have been impossible twenty years ago.

Alternative media is giving the public a means to bypass the establishment media and citizens are flocking to it.

Just look at podcaster Joe Rogan. His viewership now dwarfs that of CNN despite years of efforts by the woke establishment to cancel him. Spotify paid $100 million for exclusive rights to Joe Rogan’s show. The debacle was laughable and a little bit sad when Neil Young gave an ultimatum to Spotify and demanded the host either dump Joe Rogan or Young. Spotify pulled all of Young’s music without hesitation. Young made his career by writing songs in opposition to the establishment and now he ironically is fading away as a defender of the establishment today.

Maxime Bernier’s PPC failed to win a seat in the last election but they still gained considerable support across the country for such a new party. Again, this sort of movement would have been impossible to create so quickly twenty years ago.

When we were organizing the AIP, only 25% of our members even had email accounts. We had to reach out by mail and phone while donations came slowly by cheque. I can only imagine the growth we could have had if we had the communication and fundraising means provided by social media today. The AIP flared out and faded away within a year due in no small part to my own inexperience in leading and organizing a party. Perhaps we could have created something more enduring if we had access to the types of networking and communication tools available today.

As the growing Trucker’s for Freedom convoy continues its inexorable march towards Ottawa, the panic from the Canadian establishment has been palpable. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau dismissed the convoy as being a collection of extremists and has since gone into hiding due to apparently coming in contact with a person who tested for COVID-19. Mainstream media is alternating between trying to frame the convoy as being extreme, dangerous, and even racist for some reason.

All the establishment efforts to slow this juggernaut are failing. If anything, efforts to hinder the convoy are only galvanizing the supporters further.

Time will tell how productive the convoy’s efforts will be once it hits Parliament Hill. I am watching with eager anticipation and a little trepidation. I don’t want to see anything violent or negative breaking out and I know that is always a risk even if the vast majority of participants are rational.

The convoy has already changed Canada forever. It has proven that no efforts from the political or media establishment can stop a movement anymore if that movement has popular support. Communication, organization, and fundraising are all impossible to stop as a myriad of options now exist in the digital world. Canada’s powerbrokers are shaken right now. They don’t know what to do and it looks good on them.

Modern technology has truly taken the power from the establishment and put it squarely into the hands of citizens. Now we just have to learn how to use that power positively.

Cory Morgan is Assistant Opinion & Broadcast Editor for the Western Standard

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CARPAY: Alberta abolishes the presumption of innocence

“The Provincial Administrative Penalties Act makes Albertans guilty until proven innocent. “




The Provincial Administrative Penalties Act was rushed through the Legislature in June of 2020, while constitutional lawyers had their hands full with lockdown measures, and were busy defending people who had been issued huge fines for exercising their Charter freedoms, like protesting peacefully outdoors. Passed under the ever-popular banner of cracking down on impaired driving, the Provincial Administrative Penalties Act makes Albertans guilty until proven innocent. Alberta’s provincial traffic court will be practically abolished, even for drivers facing severe penalties such as the loss of their driver’s license. Instead of being charged with a traffic offence to which one can plead “not guilty,” Albertans will be presumed guilty upon receiving a “notice of penalty” from the police.

Albertans wishing to try their luck at proving their innocence must pay a non-refundable fee of $50 to challenge a penalty of $299 or less, or pay a non-refundable $150 to challenge a penalty of $300 or more.

Instead of appearing in-person before an impartial judge in traffic court during public and transparent proceedings, Albertans who have been “notified” of their penalty by a policeman will have only a private or secret telephone or zoom encounter with a provincial government employee called an “adjudicator.” The government (as the policeman) says you’ve broken the law and has already found you guilty, and now the government (by way of one of its employees) decides on whether you have sufficiently proven your innocence. This is like judge John Green ruling on a case where John Green is himself the plaintiff: the bias is obvious.

The Provincial Administrative Penalties Act destroys judicial independence because the government employee “adjudicator” is subject to performance reviews, promotions, and (potentially) dismissal. Politicians and senior bureaucrats would not dare to instruct an independent traffic court judge, but they can easily pressure an “adjudicator” to see to it that more Albertans pay more fines.

Section 18(1) states: “The burden of proof in a review is on the person requesting the review.”

The accused person no longer has the right to see all of the government’s documents that are relevant to her case, including documents that might assist her defense. Further, the accused no longer has the right to see relevant documents prior to the “review.”

Section 18(4) of the Provincial Administrative Penalties Act expressly abolishes the rules of evidence. The “adjudicators” need not be lawyers and can consider improper evidence such as hearsay. Section 14 declares that any document “confirmed” by a police officer is “deemed to have been made under oath.” The officer’s notes, and any hearsay provided by an anonymous witness, can be “confirmed” by the officer, and will then be treated by the “adjudicator” as though it is sworn testimony. Perversely, while the “adjudicator” is asked to believe and trust documents provided by police as though sworn under oath, the already-guilty recipient of the “notice of penalty” cannot cross-examine the police officer or any other person who makes assertions or accusations. This shows how biased this new “review” procedure is: all police evidence (including third-party hearsay) is declared to be reliable and trustworthy, yet that very same evidence cannot be challenged by cross-examination. It’s “heads I win” for the government and “tails you lose” for the already-guilty Albertan who received her “notice of penalty.”

No person may be cross-examined. So, if “Jane Smith” photographs or writes down your license plate and calls the police to accuse you of driving erratically or dangerously, a policeman can, if he believes Jane’s story, find you guilty of a traffic violation immediately. The policeman can come to your house and give you a “notice of penalty” by which you are instantly guilty of whatever Jane Smith accused you of. You can then pay a non-refundable $50 or $150 for a “review” (not a fair trial) before an “adjudicator” (not a judge), but neither you nor your lawyer can cross-examine Jane Smith about her accusations against you.

The Provincial Administrative Penalties Act allows for appeals, but specifies that the Court of Queen’s Bench must consider only whether the adjudicator’s decision is “reasonable,” and must disregard any errors in law (like admitting hearsay as evidence, for example).

“But it’s only traffic court,” argues the Alberta government. “We are not killing the presumption of innocence for criminal matters.” Jason Kenney and his United Conservative Party fail to understand that the presumption of innocence operates as a shield between the individual and the overwhelming power of the state. It stops the government from handing out fines arbitrarily and from imposing penalties easily. It protects citizens from wrongful convictions and unjust punishments, whether “criminal” or not.

The presumption of innocence is vital to a free and democratic society because it places necessary restraints on a powerful state which, if left unchecked, can easily crush an individual. Section 11(d) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms provides that “any person charged with an offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal.” The Supreme Court of Canada has ruled that the presumption of innocence is not limited only to criminal law, but extends to any offence that can result in punishment, stating: “It cannot be seriously contended that, just because a minor traffic offence leads to a very slight consequence, perhaps only a small fine, that offence does not fall within section 11. It is a criminal or quasi‑criminal proceeding.”

So why is Alberta ditching the presumption of innocence? Because provincial traffic court is expensive, says the government. But government revenues from traffic fines exceed the cost of operating traffic courts, by many multiples. Millions of tickets are issued to Albertans each year, of which only 3% end up in court. If traffic courts are too busy, police can easily help solve that problem by targeting theft, vandalism, break-and-enter, assault, murder and other crimes, rather than devoting huge swaths of police resources to speed-traps and other traffic enforcement.

Minister of Transportation Rajan Sawhney and acting Minister of Justice and Solicitor General Sonya Savage claim that “serious criminals are getting back onto the streets because the courts are bogged down with traffic issues.” But traffic matters are dealt with in traffic court, not criminal court. If the ministers are truly concerned about “serious criminals” on the streets they can easily increase criminal court capacity by appointing more judges and hiring more prosecutors, and they can direct police to focus on serious crimes rather than on traffic offences. There is no need to abolish traffic court, or make Albertans pay $50 or $150 just for a chance to try to prove their innocence in a biased “review” process.

Albertans have been told since March 2020 to give up their Charter rights and freedoms, and to submit to permanent lockdown policies, because hospitals are overcrowded. This absolves the government of its failure to increase hospital capacity in the past 22 months. In similar fashion, the Provincial Administrative Penalties Act abolishes the Charter right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty, under the pretext of saving money and keeping serious criminals off the streets. Both claims are disingenuous. There is simply no need to violate Charter rights and freedoms because of government negligence or incompetence.

John Carpay is a Columnist for the Western Standard. He is also president of the Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms (jccf.ca) 

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