By Ven Venkatachalam and Lennie Kaplan
Next year will mark 30 years of offshore oil and natural gas production in Atlantic Canada. In that time, Atlantic Canada has been the primary source of human capital for the oil and gas industry in other parts of Canada, while at same time, being a significant recipient of the benefits from oil and gas activity.
The recent energy crisis in Europe, fuelled by the high cost of natural gas and increasing demand for natural gas in economies in Europe and Asia, has magnified the role that natural gas will play in reducing global emissions.
When previous governments’ implemented bans on hydraulic fracturing on onshore natural gas in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, those political decisions prevented the development of a sizeable provincial industry that could have provided more jobs for workers and revenues to governments. Now, the current run-up in natural gas prices shows how much Atlantic provinces could reap in business investment, royalties and taxes, if they chose to increase natural gas exploration activities within their borders.
That brings us to the impact of the oil and gas industry spending that is already occurring in Atlantic Canada. As of 2017 (the latest year for which detailed Statistics Canada data about the region is available), oil and gas spending in Atlantic Canada had a direct impact of over $8.4 billion and another nearly $2.9 billion in indirect impact, for an $ 11.4 billion in total output.
That money contributed to the creation of over 7,500 direct jobs and another 12,500 indirect jobs in the Maritimes and Newfoundland & Labrador—over 20,000 well-paying jobs and nearly $7 billion in GDP. Wages and salaries paid to workers in the region amounted to around $1.36 billion in just 2017—and that was when oil and gas spending was in a “slump” year.
Oil and gas spending in Atlantic Canada touches on a variety of local industries. In 2017, the oil and gas sector purchased $447 million worth of services from Atlantic Canada’s finance and insurance sectors. It also paid $618 million into what Statistics Canada labels the “professional, scientific and technical” sector—think of engineers working on Newfoundland’s offshore rigs or Halifax accountants providing numbers expertise to energy companies.
Manufacturing in Atlantic Canada was a major beneficiary in the region. That sector, alone, received over $2 billion in orders as a result of oil and gas spending. And, at over $3.7 billion in direct spending, alone, oil and gas in Atlantic Canada is very significant.
Canada’s oil and gas sector also has a significant direct and indirect impact on Atlantic Canada’s interprovincial export sectors, as does the purchase of goods and services in Atlantic Canada by citizens, businesses, and governments in such provinces as Alberta. For example, in 2017, Atlantic Canada’s interprovincial trade with Alberta was $1.8 billion, right behind the region’s trade with the United States (nearly $21.6 billion), Ontario ($7.6 billion), and Quebec ($6.7 billion), but ahead of trade with international markets such as China ($1.6 billion), the United Kingdom ($800 million), and the Netherlands and Japan ($600 million each).
The Atlantic provinces should take steps to take greater advantage of the benefits of higher oil and gas prices. At over $11 billion in direct spending in 2017, alone, oil and gas spending in Atlantic Canada is impactful. But it could also be even more economically meaningful if additional reserves especially onshore natural gas in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, were tapped.
Ven Venkatachalam and Lennie Kaplan are with the Canadian Energy Centre, an Alberta government corporation funded in part by carbon taxes. They are authors of 20,000 jobs and $11 billion: The impact of oil and gas (and Alberta) on Atlantic Canada’s economy.
MORGAN: 10 days of living free south of the border
“Canada remains in a state of absurd regulation and induced panic.”
Back in 1987 I had the opportunity to tour parts of the Soviet Union during its waning days as an empire. The experience contributed greatly to the political outlooks I hold today. There is nothing like a good dose of seeing extreme socialism firsthand to develop an aversion to that broken ideology.
The creaking, groaning Aeroflot jet deposited us on the Moscow airport runway with a slam. While the jet was serviceable and Aeroflot’s safety record was safe — as far as we were allowed to know — it was truly a no frills ride. The service was gruff, the interior dilapidated, and the flight rough. It was much like everything else in the Soviet Union. You got the bare basics in service and had no other provider to compare the service to.
Customs were typical and thorough as all of our bags were searched. What was unusual was the contraband the customs agents were searching for. Rather than drugs or weapons as is typical at borders, what the Soviet agents sought were books, magazines, and cassette tapes.
The top priority for Soviet customs agents was the prevention of outside information getting to the eyes and ears of the citizenry.
Citizen defections were growing along with general unrest against the state. As news from the outside world trickled in, people in Soviet Russia began to realize they didn’t need to live as they had been.
Nobody was starving when I toured Russia. People weren’t homeless or unemployed. It was indeed a socialist paradise as far as providing basic human needs was concerned. Life was drab and miserable though. Everything from the endless rows of apartment towers to the dull standardized clothing was unremarkable and depressing. Food was plentiful but it was bland and without variety. You ate to survive, not to enjoy yourself.
People in Soviet Russia had become accustomed to having their lives controlled. They accepted the reality that the state would tell them where to work, how to live, and where they could travel. They all shared fear of all authority figures. Police carried no weapons as nobody would dare defy them for fear of the repercussions from the state later.
People in the Soviet Union were not living; they were surviving. The only thing keeping the empire from crumbling was the maintenance of the illusion it wasn’t better anywhere else. As long as citizens didn’t know how life was outside of the Communist Bloc, they remained content, though unhappy. This was why the government worked so hard to ensure the populace never knew any better. In the German “Democratic Republic” (East Germany), the regime did its best to block the radio and television signal from just a few blocks away.
Eventually, the dam broke. Information and consumer goods continued to leak into the Soviet Union despite the best efforts of the government. Pressure from within finally brought the USSR to an end as citizens realized they no longer had to live this way and a better world existed outside of their borders.
While Canadians are hardly living in conditions as miserable as those of the Soviet Union, we are living under severe restrictions and within a fear-filled and unhappy existence right now while many, if not most, don’t realize it doesn’t have to be this way.
I just returned from a 10-day road trip throughout the United States. Aside from seeing the sporadic and voluntary use of masks, it was hard to tell that to the north governments acted as if it was a wartime emergency. People were relaxed while dining together, events were at full capacity and conversations are actually being held on matters unrelated to COVID-19. Life is damn near how it was two years ago down there and their world isn’t ending because of it, at least in the states I visited.
COVID-19 still exists in the United States and they are still experiencing challenges due to it. Infections are being watched and health care facilities are under pressure. Political battles between authoritarians and libertarians are going on and some people are still fearful of the virus. Overall though, people in much of the United States have moved on with their lives and are no longer letting the COVID-19 pandemic dominate every aspect of their existence. It was so refreshing to live like that again, if only for a scant 10 days.
Canada remains in a state of absurd regulation and government/media induced panic. Legacy/mainstream media continues with the most negative of headlines and works its hardest to maintain a state of induced terror. Governments jealously cling to the control they have taken in the name of controlling COVID-19 and maintaining the narrative of doom and gloom. They cling to the fiction COVID can be defeated like an enemy state signing a treaty of surrender.
The dreaded Omicron variant has thankfully turned into a dud. It hasn’t overwhelmed hospitals and fatalities are at a level akin to the common flu. The way Canada is responding, though, one would think leprosy is making a reappearance among the public. The population is divided while the hysteria, prejudice, and even hate against the unvaccinated have reached appalling levels.
Much of why the government and its authoritarians backers are getting away with this in Canada is because the public doesn’t know any better. They don’t realize a free, enjoyable world exists but a short distance away.
Border restrictions at this point are downright useless. Omicron is spreading like wildfire and no restrictions or vaccinations are doing a thing to hinder the transmission. What the border restrictions do accomplish, however, is keeping Canadians from bothering with traveling outside the country. The testing requirements are a pain the ass and a person could find themselves quarantined at their own expense for a variant that has proven itself to be quite mild. What information Canadians do receive from south of the border, is framed by the government’s proxies in the media as a selfish frenzy built atop a mountain of dead bodies.
There were no restrictions going into the USA by the way. That exchange at the border only took a couple of minutes and vaccinations or testing never even came up. It’s only in coming back to Canada where all the grief is occurring.
So why haven’t the border restrictions been lifted?
I suspect the government wants to keep the number of Canadians going into and returning with news of the outside world as limited as possible. Yes, we can see the packed football stadiums in the USA and can find out just how unrestricted they are down there with even some cursory internet research. Nothing beats having a friend or family member tell you directly how nice it is to live free again though. Those sorts of exchanges between people foster discontent.
Things won’t change until Canadians stand up for themselves. Governments never willingly relinquish the control they have taken. We can’t allow ourselves to fall into a docile existence plodding along through a mediocre life under government control as people in the former Eastern Bloc did.
Canadians need to know it’s better outside of the borders. Even the UK is dropping restrictions while we aren’t even discussing easing our own.
Ignore the government statements. Turn off the mainstream media and reach out to a family member or friend who is or has been outside of Canada lately. You will hear the same story I’m telling.
It doesn’t have to be this way.
As soon as enough Canadians get that message, we will be able to start fighting our way back to normal living again.
Cory Morgan is Assistant Opinion & Broadcast Editor for the Western Standard
MAKICHUK: Russia’s ‘ball of hate’ is rolling toward Ukraine
“A normal exercise requires notification 42 days in advance if you’re talking about 9,000 troops, right? Normal – and 13,000 requires international observers. That’s what normal looks like. What this is, is something entirely different.”
The ball of hate.
That’s what they called, NHLer Pat Verbeek.
Let me say that again. The ball of hate.
Trust me, when he was on the ice you didn’t want to be there. He made your life a living hell.
He shoved sticks into your teeth, he shoved elbows at your jaw, he slammed you into the boards, he did anything he could to defeat you, and then some.
Strangely enough, the man spent as much time celebrating goals as sitting in the penalty box.
Think Gordie Howe was tough?
According to NHL.com, the native of Sarnia, Ont., finished his 20-season NHL career with 522 goals and 2,905 penalty minutes, by far the most of any member of the league’s 500-goal club.
And get this … the New Jersey Devils selected Verbeek in the third round (No. 43) of the 1982 NHL Draft.
He made his NHL debut against the New York Rangers on March 21, 1983 and scored his first goal three nights later against the Washington Capitals.
Bang! Not only could he score, but he could also run your head into the boards and leave you wondering WTF happened.
He played “on the edge” and made no apologies for his chippy style.
The Zebras didn’t like this, of course and did what Zebras do.
You can’t play like that anymore in today’s NHL. The bleeding hearts have changed the game.
The same goes for politics and foreign affairs — we have become soft. Very, very soft. And by we, I mean the West.
We are so busy trying to be politically correct, we forgot how we got here in the first place.
And this is exactly why another ball of hate, a far more infamous one — an iron-handed dictator who calls himself a president, Vladimir Putin — is exploiting those Western weaknesses as I pen this.
I mean, it couldn’t be more obvious, could it?
According to Joseph Trevithick at The Drive, the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed that six amphibious warfare ships that left the Baltic Sea this week are heading to the Mediterranean Sea, where they say these vessels will take part in “naval exercises.”
Clearly, this amphibious flotilla could potentially swing north into the Black Sea, which would put them in a position to support a possible large-scale Russian intervention into Ukraine.
The language the Russian ministry of defense used to describe these naval drills is similar in many respects to how the Kremlin has described the nature of large-scale exercises in Belarus that are scheduled to start next month.
The massive deployments of troops and materiel, including Iskander short-range ballistic missiles and combat aircraft, associated with those drills have drawn concern.
Speaking to reporters this week, a senior US State Department said: “What concerns us is the total picture, right? [Russia] is … amassing 100,000 troops along Ukraine’s borders combined with moving forces into Belarus over the weekend, it is — it is — these numbers are beyond, of course, what we would expect with regard to a normal exercise, right?
“A normal exercise requires notification 42 days in advance if you’re talking about 9,000 troops, right? Normal and 13,000 requires international observers. That’s what normal looks like. What this is, is something entirely different.”
As part of the build-up, Russia deployed more aircraft closer to the border, which raised fears of a significant air component. Two to three dozen Sukhov-34 fighter jets have joined helicopters positioned near Ukraine, CNN reported.
As if to confirm this action, Britain’s capable MI6 intelligence service revealed it has discovered a plan by President Putin to install a pro-Moscow puppet leader in Ukraine, Foreign Secretary Liz Truss said this weekend.
As Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky warned of a ‘”large-scale war,” Truss said that Yevhen Murayev was being lined up to run the country as a satellite of Moscow.
Murayev, a media owner, lost his seat in the Ukrainian parliament when his party failed to secure 5% of the vote in the 2019 elections, BBC News reported.
He has roundly denied the report.
“It isn’t very logical. I’m banned from Russia. Not only that, but money from my father’s firm there has been confiscated,” Murayev told The Guardian.
There are other troubling indicators:
Diplomatic talks between the US, European allies and Russia ended last week without a clear path to de-escalate tensions, media outlets reported. Russia’s deputy foreign minister, Sergei Ryabkov, called the talks a “dead end.”
Some military experts believe this was what Putin wanted all along — setting it up to fail by making unrealistic demands, beyond just keeping NATO out of Ukraine. All it did was buy time for the Russians to set up their “false flag” invasion of neighbouring Ukraine.
Canadian special forces operators have also been deployed to Ukraine as part of an attempt by NATO allies to deter Russian aggression and to identify ways to assist the Ukrainian government, Global News reported.
The unit has also been tasked with helping to develop evacuation plans for Canadian diplomatic personnel in the event of a full-scale invasion, sources said.
They wouldn’t be doing that if they didn’t have good intelligence from the US.
To staunch the inevitable bloodbath, the defense ministers of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania announced they received approvals from Washington to send US-made anti-tank weaponry to Ukraine, BreakingDefense reported.
Estonia will provide Javelin anti-armor missiles, while Lithuania and Latvia will provide Stinger anti-aircraft missiles and adjacent equipment. Latvia will also send military meals ready-to-eat for the Ukrainian forces.
While Ukraine has already been building a stockpile of Javelin weapons, the inclusion of Stingers represents a new capability for the Ukrainian military, one that could take out Russian helicopters if needed.
Britain also said this week it had begun supplying Ukraine with anti-tank weapons, along with a group of around 30 elite British troops, Sky News reported.
The members of the Ranger Regiment — part of the army’s newly-formed Special Operations Brigade — flew out on military planes that also airlifted a total of some 2,000 anti-tank missile launchers to the country.
The US State Department has also approved the transfer of five Russian-made Mi-17 Hip helicopters that had belonged to the now-defunct Afghan Air Force to the Ukrainian armed forces, according to CNN.
The CIA continues to operate an intelligence collection training program for Ukrainian special operators and intelligence officials, current and former officials familiar with the program said. The program was first reported by Yahoo News.
The threat of further sanctions — in fact, a green light for the Russians, if anything — has forced the Biden administration to weigh new options, including providing more arms to Ukraine to try to raise the costs for a potential invasion.
The recent confusion over statements made by President Joe Biden on Ukraine haven’t really helped either.
Is it a price, Putin is willing to pay? We shall know, soon enough.
For their part, Ukrainian officials are vowing to fight.
“We prepared a response for each scenario,” an official told CNN.
“We are going to fight if something happens. Our people are ready to fight. Every window will shoot if [Russians] go [in].”
God help them.
Dave Makichuk is a Western Standard contributor.
He has worked in the media for decades, including as an editor for the Calgary Herald. He is also the Calgary correspondent for ChinaFactor.news and has written about military affairs for decades
NICOLA: Investment outlook: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times — is the glass half-full or half-empty?
Let’s separate apply these perspectives of positive and negative and consider how they may apply to today’s investing environment.
By JOHN NICOLA
We’ve just emerged from a tumultuous and challenging 2021 which provided good results financially for many investors while being a significant emotional and psychological drain as the fourth COVID-19 wave became a reality.
As I was thinking about how we as investors want to approach 2022 and beyond. I’m reminded of the first lines from Charles Dickens classic about the French Revolution, A Tale of Two Cities. To me it begs the question, “is the glass half full or half empty?” And the answer seems to be both. Let’s separately apply these perspectives of positive and negative and consider how they may apply to today’s investing environment.
It’s imperative to understand the current investment and economic environment and then assess how existing factors will impact major asset classes.
Glass Half Full
There are a number of factors that create optimal investment opportunities and give us reason to view the new year and investments in a positive light. The public markets and residential real estate are at all-time highs in a number of markets in Canada and across North America. COVID-19 vaccines have been developed and deployed in record time. The “fourth wave”/Omicron appear to have significantly lower levels of serious illness or death.
In light of major issues such as climate change, investment opportunities pertaining to environment, social, and governance (ESG) are accelerating rapidly. The cost and evolution of renewable energy is improving exponentially.
On a global scale, we have seen notable drops in levels of poverty, hunger, and illiteracy (Marian Tupy – 10 Global Trends.) Further, global population increases are slowing and likely to peak within 30 years at about 8.9 billion.
Finally, any rises in interest rates are likely to be measured and spread out over time. If that occurs, does that mean that any negative impact on asset prices would be modest?
Glass Half Empty
In the interest of seeing the whole (objective) picture, it’s important to observe and assess the other side of the coin. The new year does not come without challenges.
We’ve seen massive increases in corporate and government debt to weather the pandemic and finance acquisition of assets (Evergrande as an example.) The end result is a combination of higher inflation and corporate defaults.
Dysfunctional politics are a concern across the globe. We continue to witness geo-political tensions such as China/US and Russia/NATO, and the rise of populism in the US, in particular.
Equity prices (primarily in the US) are at near record valuation levels which has many questioning their sustainability. Higher interest rates and inflation could create a significant impact on residential housing.
Finally, the pandemic rages on. Faster infectious rates for Omicron lead to increased and extended lockdowns, globally.
Asset allocation is the key
Whether you are leaning to one perspective or another, or somewhere in the middle, how you invest and diversify your capital is going to play a vital role in helping you mitigate any volatility 2022 may bring.
The asset allocation model that we recommend to most of our clients is roughly divided into three major classes: Public/Private Equities, Real Estate (income and development), and Fixed Income (private and public).
Typically, we distribute 35% to fixed income assets (public and private), 35% to equity (public and private), and 30% to real estate (hard asset properties). Depending on views of both the opportunities and the valuation levels each of these asset weights could change plus or minus by 5%.
There have been a number of studies to support this type of asset allocation. Perhaps the strongest endorsement of this model is that the asset mix of some of the largest pension plans in Canada (considered by many to be amongst the best institutional investors in the world) which choose to allocate their capital in this way. If you look carefully you’ll see the pensions such as OMERS, CPP, BCIMC, AIMCO, and Ontario Teachers use some variation of the model above.
We subscribe to a similar approach. A chart on the Nicola Wealth site (Nicola Wealth vs. The Marketplace) demonstrates if you compare our average client returns since January 1, 2000 with other indices such as the S&P 500, TSE, and a compilation of balanced portfolios aggregated by Morningstar. In all cases our clients have had better results with less volatility (considerably less than any of the equity indices).
The acid test for a good asset allocation model is how well it performs during bear markets for public equities (which themselves are usually connected to a crisis or a recession or both.) The last two bear markets were the Great Financial Crisis of 2008/2009 and, of course, the COVID-19 market meltdown in the spring of 2020. In both cases, stock prices dropped in most public markets by 35% or more from their prior peaks.
Employing the balanced model above meant the drop in value of our client portfolios was 7.5% in 2008 and about 5% in 2020. That reduction in volatility fosters for far better investor behavior (another great topic we will explore in a future column.)
Notwithstanding that the right asset allocation model can make a big difference in risk-adjusted returns, each of these asset classes will be impacted in some way in a rising inflation and interest rate environment. In our next column we will explore how we believe that might unfold.
John Nicola, CFP, CLU, CHFC is a financial columnist for the Western Standard and is the Chairman of Nicola Wealth
Maskless teen student with asthma ostracized at Calgary Catholic school
Copping strikes EMS advisory committee amid system strains, red alerts
LETTER: Slobodian exposing Butts
Dr. Bonnie Henry ordered to stand trial
The Western Standard Is Back
Trudeau calls the unvaccinated racist and misogynistic extremists
- Loss of job and licence can’t stop Tonie Wells on
- Maskless teen student with asthma ostracized at Calgary Catholic school on
- MORGAN: 10 days of living free south of the border on
- SLOBODIAN: Butts attempts to pit East vs West with anti-trucker tweet on
- WATCH: O’Toole will not be welcoming the truckers in Ottawa on
Petition: No Media Bailouts
We the undersigned call on the Canadian government to immediately cease all payouts to media companies.
Opinion1 day ago
SLOBODIAN: Butts attempts to pit East vs West with anti-trucker tweet
News2 days ago
Loss of job and licence can’t stop Tonie Wells
News13 hours ago
Trucker convoy funding hits $3M
News1 day ago
Massive, loud support displayed as BC’s truckers roll east
News2 days ago
Sask residents say vaccine choices dividing families
Letters2 days ago
LETTER: AHS undercover agents’ practises raise lots of question
News9 hours ago
WATCH: O’Toole will not be welcoming the truckers in Ottawa
Features1 day ago
Prof says technocracy envisioned in federal document advanced by pandemic